Best Bicycle Under 500
: All Bicycle Brands.
Best Bicycle Under 500
- a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals
- A vehicle composed of two wheels held in a frame one behind the other, propelled by pedals and steered with handlebars attached to the front wheel
- In graph theory, a pseudoforest is an undirected graphThe kind of undirected graph considered here is often called a multigraph or pseudograph, to distinguish it from a simple graph. in which every connected component has at most one cycle.
500 Silver Jewelry Designs: The Powerful Allure of a Precious Metal (500 Series)
This new addition to the 500 gallery-book series presents an outstanding and visually diverse collection of handmade silver art jewelry by both established and emerging international designers. From time-honored forging of cuffs and chokers to cutting-edge brooches and rings, silver's beauty is fully revealed in a range of techniques, styles, and forms that will delight readers. 500 Silver Jewelry Designs will inspire jewelers and crafters of all media, and makes a gorgeous and delightful gift book for women -- and men -- who dream of wearing the world's finest jewelry creations.
Language Has Failed Us.
An Israeli Occupation Soldier, hand on gun, screams at a Palestinian father and his child. The man is risking a beating and arrest to come near the construction site, and many such as him have already been killed by soldiers along the Wall's construction route. And yet the entire village has come out with him, the elderly and the young, along with a handfull of courageous and progressive Israelis and Americans, to tell the Israelis to stop. It has happening every week since 2004, one of the more remarkable non-violent resistance projects in the world, and yet it remains virtually unmentioned in the American media.
In the background, center, one the Israeli army's omnipresent Sniper Towers overlooks the village and its lands. At right, the insect-like claw of an American-made Caterpillar bulldozer strips the land, ripping an enormous gash along the path of the wall. The child is visibly terrified, and she has every right to be. Israeli Occupation Soldiers have murdered over 700 Palestinian children in the last 1,500 days, and in the same period of time have shot and hospitalized another 13,000 children.
The Palestinians are protesting the illegal confiscation of their land (the crime is called "ethnic cleansing" when anyone other than Jews are doing it) and the construction of a massive prison wall to enclose the village of Imnizel, near Hebron. Nearly 60% of the West Bank is being seized for the exclusive use of Jewish Settlers, for the construction of road
s that only Jews can drive on and fortress-like city-colonies that only Jews can live in. To make sure the land's rightful owners don't cause any distress to the delicate sensibilities of the Jewish extremists who are stealing it, millions of Palestinians are being walled up in hundreds of diconnected prison districts.
ORIGINAL PHOTO: Nayef Haslamoun, Imnizel, Occupied West Bank, July 6, 2005
IMAGE ALTERATION: /anomalous
LANGUAGE HAS FAILED ME
by Suheir Hammad
I am told to believe nothing I read
Then everything I read
I am given my own face to be wary of
I am told to fear colors as alerts
I am told over and over
Iraq is not Palestine
Kabul is not New York
Posed as girls gone wild
This is entertainment This is staged This is
Do words such as humiliation and torture
Truly fit the immensity of these acts?
What happens to those who survive?
What happens to those responsible?
Haiti is not Chechnya
Chiapas is not East L.A.
Iraq is not Palestine
Over and over I am told
I am given a vantage point and a lens and instructed
Do not move Do not look up Do not look down
I am falling
No connections here
No illuminated parallels
Two different histories and two different peoples
Make no links
Do not confuse the issues
Only confuse the people
For 56 years Israel has legitimized
This type of behavior
Sanctioned violence in the name of a god
Who does not have enough love for us all
A god who chooses sides
A god who has favorites and chosen ones
A god who cuts deals and shuffles souls
The type of god who does not answer prayers
stands only one language
A god who does not worry his beautiful mind with
I am told this is America’s god
The photos from Rafah Palestine
It is 1948 and 2004 in the same frame
Their eyes say to the camera
What will you do with this pain?
Where will you take it?
Can you take it from me?
This space between the lens and the subjects
Is concentrated with pleas for witness
With promises of cycles unbroken
With children’s bicycle
the rubble of once were
Another level of exile is being constructed
And I am falling
Aaagghh, ya Phalesteen
What is it about us they hate so much?
This face? These eyes? This obstinate refusal to
How much trauma can one nation endure with the world
Some mouths open in shock
Others silent and sneering
While women scream at a frequency the living cannot
Again? Again ya Phalesteen?
How fucked up is it that I have to choose between
One occupation or another?
Partition my time and portion my information
I have to make Nice Play Fair and Polite
When I want to tear open my chest to void it of this
This ache has eaten into my head and wears down my
My friends worry I am not eating enough
Am taking too much on Too much in
I find nowhere to rest this responsibility
If I say nothing I am complicit
If I say something I am isolated as extreme
As a theorist in conspiracy
As if war is ever a coincidence
As if genocide simply happens
This is about oil and land and water
This is about illusion and the taking on of airs
The poor once again the munitions in rich men’s
This is about light and dark
There is no black and white in humanity
I am told
Venezuela is not Cuba
Rwanda is not Kurdistan
I am not the woman kneeling
In front of soldiers and their cameras and their
I am not the child shot in the head by the Israeli
New York Public Library, Chatham Square Branch
Chinatown, Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
Opened on November 2, 1903, the Chatham Square Branch of The New York Public Library is the third Camegie branch library built in New York City. It is one of twenty in Manhattan and one of sixty-seven in New York City, built when Andrew Carnegie donated $5.2 million in 1901 to establish a city-wide branch library system. The preeminent and nationally influential architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White designed the Chatham Square Branch. This bold library design was the firm's first of twelve Camegie libraries; the 1923 Fordham Branch was their last. The library's classically-inspired style, with its characteristic vertical plan, arched entrance offset to one side, carved stone ornament, including Ionic columns at the upper floors, and tall arched first floor and rectangular second and third floor windows providing abundant lighting to a simple interior, is characteristic of the urban Carnegie library type. The library has played a prominent role in the neighborhood for nearly one hundred years.
DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS
History of Chatham Square'
Chatham Square was named after William Pitt, the Earl of Chatham, who tried to prevent the war between England and America when he was in Parliament. In the eighteenth century the area was farmland, although it was just northeast of the City. The Bowery, running north from the square, was a former Indian path leading all the way to Harlem. The Collect Pond, a large fresh water pond that was used as the reservoir for eighteenth-century New York, lay just to the west. New Yorkers ice-skated on the pond and it was used for the first steamboat trials in 1796. The encroaching city caused the pond to become seriously polluted and it was filled in by 1813. By the early nineteenth century Chatham Square was a major junction, transportation hub and retail center, with a post office, theater, and numerous shops.
The library site on East Broad
way, then known as Harman Street, was part of the Rutgers farm. In the late eighteenth century Colonel Henry Rutgers laid his farm out in lots and leased them out with building covenants calling for substantial brick buildings. This attracted merchants, professionals, and artisans such as shipwrights and sail makers.
By the mid-1800s Irish immigrants had moved into row houses converted to multiple dwellings. The merchants' houses along East Broad
way became densely packed tenant-houses, precursors to tenements. Rear buildings were built in the yards of the houses, increasing the density. The notorious and dangerous Five Points slum was just a few blocks west of the library site, on the filled-in Collect Pond.
Italians settled in the area from the 1870s, when four-to-six-story tenements began to be built. These buildings filled the lots with courtyards to provide at least minimal light and air. Little Italy was established just to the west of the library site, around Mulberry Street. In 1894, when the city completed the demolition of the Five Points tenements a park was created on the Five Points site. At first named Mulberry Bend Park, by 1911 it was renamed after an Italian, Christopher Columbus. Jewish immigrants settled in the Lower East Side by the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the Chatham Square area was primarily a Jewish neighborhood at the time the library was built. This period represented the height of immigration to the United States and the Lower East Side was exceptionally overcrowded, with very few parks, schools, libraries, and any other social welfare structures.
Today East Broad
way is in the heart of Chinatown.
Large numbers of Chinese moved to the U.S. from the 1840s to work on the railroad
s and to prospect for gold, but few of the immigrants traveled to New York City in that period. In the 1870s they moved to New York after completion of the railroad
and an outbreak of anti-Chinese violence in the West. Chinatown was established around Mott, Pell and Doyers Streets, at the northwest side of Chatham Square, and as early as the 1880s Chinese shops faced the Square. Chinese population growth slowed after 1882 when a series of laws were enacted that restricted immigration. Chinatown grew slowly in that period but developed complex organizations, dominated by the mutual aid societies. The area served Chinese Americans and Chinese immigrants throughout the Metropolitan area. By the 1890s Chinatown was a tourist attraction and it was featured in the 1892 King's Handbook to New York City.
Chinese immigration expanded slowly after World War II when some of the restrictive laws were lifted and Chinese were granted the right to become citizens. The Chinese population grew rapidly after 1965 with further easing of restrictions on immigration according to race. In 1965 the core of Chinatown covered seven blocks and was bounded on the east by the Bowery. By the late 1970s the Chinatown core expanded in the across Bowery to encompass East
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